Quick Summary: This blog focuses on Redis covering its commands and highlighting its versatile uses such as caching, real-time analytics, session management, and messaging.
Redis stands for Remote Directory Serve. It is an in-memory data structure store. It stores its data in memory, not on a hard drive. Also, it supports multiple data structures or types as a key-value database. Therefore, it helps map key-value-based strings for storing and retrieving data and lists, sets, etc.
Redis is open-source software released under a BSD 3-clause license, a specific type of permissive free software license. Furthermore, it began when Salvatore Sanfilippo needed to improve the scalability of his website. He soon open-sourced the platform. Nowadays, the core team develops and maintains Redis command, which has been sponsored by Redis Labs since 2015.
Many Software Development Services utilize Redis for fast caching, real-time analytics, session management, and messaging due to its in-memory data storage and high-performance capabilities.
Redis Use Cases
Redis data resides in memory, as opposed to traditional forms of databases that persist to disk. It gives Redis an edge over other types of storage systems and makes it much faster with high output and low latency. Therefore it is used in real-time programs and queue messaging systems. Other use cases include:
- Publish/subscribe (pub/sub)
- Real-time analytics
- Machine learning
- Geospatial processing
- Session cache
- Full-page cache
Who uses Redis?
Many companies have adopted Redis, which includes these major international organizations. This list gives an overview of the many additional companies that use Redis.
Redis commands help developers perform operations on Redis. Furthermore, you need a Redis client to execute commands on the server. Moreover, it is available in the package also. Type the Redis-client command into the terminal on your machine to launch the Redis client. Now, you can execute the command on the local server.
- Following is the syntax of the Redis client.
redis 127.0.0.1:6379> PING
In the above illustration, we execute a command PING, that checks whether the server is running or not.
Redis Keys Commands
Redis keys commands are used to manage keys in Redis. Following is the syntax for using key commands.
redis 127.0.0.1:6379> COMMAND KEY_NAME
redis 127.0.0.1:6379> SET myName Abhishek
redis 127.0.0.1:6379> DEL myName
In the above example, DEL is the command, while myName is the key. If the key is deleted, then the output will be 1, otherwise, it will be 0.
The following table lists some commands to manage keys in Redis.
|This command deletes the key if it exists
|This command returns a serialized version of the value stored at the specified key.
|It’ll check whether the key exists or not.
|EXPIRE key seconds
|Sets the expiry time of the key.
|PEXPIRE key milliseconds
|Set the expiry of a key in milliseconds.
|Finds all keys matching the specified pattern.
|MOVE key db
|Moves a key to another database.
|Removes the expiration from the key
|Gets the remaining time in keys expiry.
|Returns a random key from Redis.
|RENAME key newkey
|Change the key name.
|Returns the data type of the value which is stored in the key.
Redis strings commands are applied to handle string values in Redis. Following is the syntax for using string commands.
redis 127.0.0.1:6379> COMMAND KEY_NAME
redis 127.0.0.1:6379> SET SET myName Abhishek
redis 127.0.0.1:6379> GET myName
In the above example, SET and GET are the commands, while myName is the key.
The following table lists some commands to manage strings in Redis.
|SET key value
|Set the value for the specified key.
|Gets the value of a given key.
|GETRANGE key start end
|Gets a substring of the string.
|GETSET key value
|Set the value of a key and return its old value.
|MGET key1 [key2..]
|Gets the values of all the listed keys
|SETBIT key offset value
|Set or clear the bit at the offset in the string value stored at the key.
|SETEX key seconds value
|Sets the value with the expiry time of a key
|SETNX key value
|Sets the value of a key, if the key doesn’t exist
|SETRANGE key offset value
|Overwrites the part of a string at the key starting at the specified offset
|Get the length of the value.
|MSET key value [key value …]
|Sets multiple keys-values
|PSETEX key milliseconds value
|Sets the value and expiry time in milliseconds.
|Increments the integer value by one
|INCRBY key increment
|Increments the integer value by the given amount
|INCRBYFLOAT key increment
|Increments the float value by the given amount
|Decrements the integer value by one
|DECRBY key decrement
|Decrements the integer value by the given number
|APPEND key value
|Appends a value
Redis Lists are lists of strings, sorted by insertion order. You can add the new element in Redis lists in the head or the tail of the list.
|RPUSH key value1 [value2]
|Appends one or multiple values
|LPUSH key value1 [value2]
|Prepends one or multiple values
|LINDEX key index
|Get an element from a list by its index value
|Removes and gets the first element in a list
|Gets the length of a list
Redis commands is an in-memory data store, discussed extensively in the blog. It covers various Redis commands and their uses. Read this blog to get a comprehensive understanding of Redis usage and capabilities.
What is Redis?
Redis is an in-memory data store that serves as a high-performance cache and database. Furthermore, it stores data in key-value pairs, offering fast access and versatile data manipulation.
What is Redis cache?
Redis cache is a caching mechanism that stores current accessed information in memory. Furthermore, it accelerates data retrieval, enhancing application performance by reducing the need to fetch information from slower data resources.
What are Redis commands used for?
Redis commands are helpful for various purposes, including caching, real-time analytics, session management, message queuing, and more. It excels in scenarios that demand fast data retrieval and manipulation, making it suitable for high-performance applications and systems.
How are Redis commands used for caching?
In Redis commands, information is temporarily stored in key-value data structures because it is fast and can store data in memory, often used as a cache.
What is the difference between Redis commands and a database?
An SQL database employs a structured data model, which organizes data into tables with a fixed schema. On the flip side, a flexible data model is used by Redis, which supports strings, hashes, lists, sets, and sorted sets.